The history of animation traces back to a time when the general masses did not know that what they see in the screen are computer generated creations! Although 3D technology was used in films since 1915, the prices of the multimedia applications and processes were so exorbitant that producing large scale 3D movies was next to impossible during that time. The minimum numbers of 3D films that were produced were downgraded in comparison to the quality of traditional motion pictures.
As per as the records, the first animated movie of the early 19th century was 'The Power of Love'. While Robert F. Elder was the cinematographer of the movie, Harry K. Fairall produced it. The technology that was used by the technical team was dual strip projection featuring red and green anaglyph format. Tinted prints were used and audience was supplied with anaglyph spectacles to enjoy the 3D effect of the movie.
A later up-gradation in the technology of animation series was introduced by Van Doren Kelley who introduced Prizma color system to the-then animation film industry. The technology was characterized by the integration of four-color systems where four filters were set on a single disk and was supposed to operate on a single strip of panchromatic film. It was engineered in such a way that the different wavelengths of colors would create a 3D effect on the cinema screen! Thus, the audience could see the first animated film featuring this technology when Kelly collaborated with Samuel Rothafel, an American enterpriser to premiere 'Movies of the Future' in New York's Rivoli Theatre.
During the same year on December, i.e., in 1922 the Teleview system was introduced by Laurens Hammond. It featured alternate framing sequence which would generate stereoscopic motion pictures. This technique of animation featured screen of two interlocked projections. There was a set of left eye projections and right eye projections which were presented one after the other in rapid succession. In order to create a stereoscopic image, coordinated viewers were attached to the audience seats. The only film that was created on this technology and got aired in the calibrated Selwyn Theater in New York was 'The man from M.A.R.S'.
A series of animated movies were produced between the times from 1922 to 1925 which used different technologies. For instance, 'Plastigrams' was based on red and blue anaglyph format. A number of stereoscopic films were premiered like the Zowie, The Run-Away Taxi, Luca-cy and Ouch.
In 1933, a remake of 1895 film 'L'Arrivee du Train' was released by Louis Lumiere by implementing anaglyphic 3D technology. With the advent of 1956, Technicolor films with red and blue anaglyphs were introduced with the showcasing of MGM's two Audioscopiks films. It was followed by live-action appearance of Frankenstein Monster in 'Third Dimensional Murder'. Here the prints were in Technicolor, but the film was shot using in-built studio camera engineering.
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