All the graphics work that you see in the movies are created by the CG artist. Although the process of developing and rendering Computer Graphics (CG) has become much easier than before, still there are some practical issues when it comes to rendering advanced or high level graphics.
Rendering high-level CG graphics or 3d graphics is not a simple task in terms of computing. The ordinary computers shall not be able to process rendering the high-level graphics and could even lead to crash of processor and project failure. This is the prime reason why most of the advanced CG artists are always wish to use sophisticated system for CG rendering.
Render farm is a system that is specially designed for rendering Computer Graphics. Actually, render farm is a high-performance computer which contains multiple hard drive and processors. It may also contain software installed to facilitate for better CG rendering. In short, render farm posses the power of several rendering computer and hence it is able to render the high-level CG works without consuming more time. You make your own render farm by buying the different hardware and combining it altogether. The configuration of render farm shall be decided according to the complexity of the project and the software that you use for making CG. For example, if you are developing CG for television programs, then it is better to go with advanced render farm configuration.
For more information about render farm setup, you shall just search the Internet. Actually, render farm shall be set up by using different components. There are many online tutorials that teach how to set up a render farm in your home. And there is no much rocket science involved in render farm setup, you shall build your own render farm, if you have some basic idea about computer hardware assembling.
Render server is another important rendering device that is used for making CG rendering fast. You could increase the efficiency of the render farm by increasing server size. Therefore, higher the size of server, higher the rendering speed.
Despite of wonderful advantages in using render farm and render service, sometimes CG studios or individual CG artist may not find it easy to acquire the render farm or render server. High cost factor is one of the most important issue which keeps many CG professionals to stay away from the buying such advanced systems.
There is a good option for all those who are looking to utilize the render farm or render server by investing less money. Online render farm or online render farm rental are the best are the two options available to present day CG artist. Here, the customer (CG studio/artist) use the render farm/server via cloud computing. It means a CG artist can utilize the render farm/server located in any remote location from any part of the world.
As a CG studio owner, if you are looking for smart and low-cost rendering solution, you shall just go with online render farm or render server rental.